2022’s Top 10 Mental Health Diagnoses: Insights and Trends
By Emily Hagan | Published on Oct 17, 2023
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Mental illness affects millions of individuals annually. Despite the increasing awareness surrounding mental health issues, many patients continue to face stigma and discrimination due to their experiences and diagnoses.
According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), more than 42 million people, approximately 1 in 5 American adults, experience mental illness each year. Of those, around 1 in 20 adults suffer from severe mental illness, which significantly impairs their ability to engage in daily activities.
Understanding the mental health crisis is crucial for the development of new clinical preventive measures, interventions, devices, and procedures to assist individuals living with psychological conditions or symptoms.
Definitive Healthcare, a leading provider of healthcare data, has meticulously tracked millions of mental health diagnoses at various healthcare facilities. Based on their comprehensive research, here are the top 10 most common mental health diagnoses in 2022:
Top 10 Most Common Mental Health Diagnoses
|Rank||ICD-10 Code||Description||% of Total Diagnoses||% of Principal Diagnoses||% of Secondary Diagnoses|
|1||F411||Generalized anxiety disorder||8.7%||8.6%||8.7%|
|2||F1120||Opioid dependence, uncomplicated||7.6%||7.4%||2.8%|
|3||F419||Anxiety disorder, unspecified||7.5%||7.5%||10.2%|
|4||F331||Major depressive disorder, recurrent, moderate||3.8%||3.7%||2.9%|
|5||F4310||Post-traumatic stress disorder, unspecified||2.8%||2.8%||2.9%|
|7||F17210||Nicotine dependence, cigarettes, uncomplicated||2.5%||2.6%||4.2%|
|8||F329||Major depressive disorder, single episode, unspecified||2.4%||2.4%||2.9%|
|9||F902||Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, combined type||2.2%||2.2%||1.8%|
|10||F1020||Alcohol dependence, uncomplicated||1.8%||1.8%||1.4%|
Fig. 1: Data from the Definitive Healthcare Atlas All-Payor Claims product for the 2022 calendar year. Data accurate as of August 2023.
Unveiling the Top Mental Disorder
Topping the list is generalized anxiety disorder, denoted by the ICD-10 code F411, accounting for 8.7% of all mental health diagnoses in 2022. Interestingly, anxiety disorders dominated the top rankings, with code F419, anxiety disorder, unspecified, comprising 7.5% of all mental health diagnoses during the same year.
Anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and diagnoses related to substance use occupied the majority of the top 10 spots. In terms of mood disorders, three made the list: F331, F32A, and F329, representing 3.8%, 2.6%, and 2.4% of all mental health diagnoses in 2022, respectively.
Substance use-related diagnoses also found their place on the list, with codes F1120 (7.6%), F17210 (2.5%), and F1020 (1.8%) highlighting the magnitude of this issue.
Primary vs. Secondary Diagnoses
Analyzing the table above, there were no significant differences between primary and secondary mental health diagnoses. However, one notable exception was opioid dependence, which accounted for 7.4% of primary diagnoses but only 2.8% of all secondary diagnoses.
This discrepancy suggests that healthcare providers often diagnose certain substance use conditions in conjunction with other conditions. Typically, patients initially visit healthcare professionals to address issues related to nausea, constipation, slowed breathing, or other concerns associated with opioid use.
The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound impact on mental health worldwide. A study published in Brain, Behavior, and Immunity revealed several mental health effects, including decreased psychological well-being among the general public, high levels of post-traumatic stress symptoms and depression in COVID-19 patients, and increased psychiatric symptoms among healthcare workers. Additionally, individuals with pre-existing psychiatric symptoms experienced a deterioration of their condition.
Telehealth and Mental Health
Despite the worsening mental health situation during the pandemic, telehealth has become a vital tool in the mental healthcare landscape. Telehealth has significantly increased access to mental health services, reducing the stress and anxiety associated with seeking care. It has also improved service accessibility for individuals with neurological or physical impairments by providing them with private and engaging environments for treatment.
Mental health will undeniably remain an incredibly prevalent and essential aspect of healthcare as we continue to advocate for better psychological well-being. Staying informed about industry trends and developments is vital for both healthcare providers and patients. Leveraging healthcare commercial intelligence can help in staying up-to-date and adapting to the ever-evolving landscape of mental health.